Herod was the king in Judea at the time Christ was born. He was an unpopular king, working as he did for the Romans, and his cruelty knew no bounds. He feared any threat to his power, and news of this newborn king troubled him. The wise men whom he had asked to report the whereabouts of the Christ Child, did not return to him. Thus, "Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, was in a furious rage, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time of which he had ascertained from the wise men.” RSV, Matthew 2:16 Little did he know that the new king and his parents had already escaped.
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